Comparison of Terms for Robert's Rules of Order and Meeting Wizard’s RARA Process

After asking if Robert’sRules are valid for your meeting, a need to show the differences in process and terms in a more easy-to-read format has come to light.  Roles are often the same, just different names.  Below are three comparison charts to illustrate the differences and similarities.

History
Designed in 1876 for government use and later adapted for societies, 11th edition published 2011
Evolved out of quality improvement and team building efforts in business 1980-1990 then RARA published in 2003 – new release coming  2019

Process Summaries
RONR Process
RARA Process
Formal and strict structure
Informal but adheres to set agenda
Requires motion and 2nd to debate/discuss, if no 2nd then no discussion
Team agrees to discuss issues/solutions or not
Suggests quorum to call for majority vote, minority is allowed to debate/discuss prior to call for vote
Allows for multiple decision-making methods (consensus, majority, ranking, etc.)
Committees do or arrange outside work and report progress
Team members do/arrange outside work and report their progress
Gavel is used to mark meeting progress or gain attention
Facilitator encourages group back to agenda
Includes process to discipline disruptions and problems during meeting time
Suggested methods for handling typical disruptions in meeting
Speaking time per person limited to 10 minutes for small groups and typically 2 minutes each for large groups – also an individual may be limited to speaking 2 times during a debate/discussion
Presentation time is limited to what is set on agenda and individual speaking time during discussion on set topic may be set before discussion begins

Possible Roles
RONR Roles
RARA Roles
Chair/President
Facilitator
Secretary/Clerk or Historian
Recorder, aka Record-Keeper
Assembly/Officers and Members
Members
Guest (cannot vote)
Observer (cannot vote)
Sergeant –at-arms or Doorkeeper or Parliamentarian
Gatekeeper or Timekeeper (optional)
Speaker/Lecturer
Talker, aka Presenter
Treasurer (if $) or Teller (vote-counter)


Most Used Terms
RONR Terms
RARA Terms
Adjourn
Close/Closing
Amend/Amendment(s)
Change/Combine/Clarify
Call to Order
Open/Opening
Debate
Discuss
Decorum
Code of Conduct or Ground Rules
Floor

Minutes
Records/Minutes
Motion/Move                    EXAMPLE IN MINUTES

New Business
Open Time
Order of Business/Order of the Day/Program
Agenda (3T)

Program
Presentation
Recess
Break
Refer/Commit to Committee (or person)
Action Item (3W)
Resolution/Resolved        2-PART DESCRIPTION

Roll Call

RONR = Rules of Order Newly Revised
RARA = Roles, Agenda, Records, Actions
Table/Postpone
Put in Parking Lot
Unfinished/Old Business
Next Agenda or pull from Parking Lot
Vote/Decision
Decision-making methods

Meeting Types
RONR Meetings
RARA Meetings
Annual

Board/Executive

Committee
Sub-team
Regular

Special
6 types
Electronic (specified method other than face-to-face in bylaws) – added in 11th edition
4 methods – 2019 update to include newer virtual methods and tips

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